Cellulite and orange peel skin: what causes it and how you can fix it

Orange peel skin is a classic imperfection associated with cellulite.

Many women live with it, to greater and lesser extents.

Cellulite: what is it and how to recognise it

Cellulite, its scientific name is oedematous fibrosclerotic panniculopathy, is a real inflammatory condition that affects the subcutaneous adipose layer, especially on the hips, buttocks and thighs. Cellulite is a state of tissue asphyxia that is characterised by problems with micro-circulation, water retention and fat accumulation.


At the deepest layers, fat cells tend to increase in number and in volume and the connective tissue , i.e the “mesh” that keeps these cells in order, thickens and becomes harder, losing its elasticity.

Changes to venous and lymphatic circulation also occur, with fluid retention and the possible formation of oedema, in other words “swelling”.

Thus, the most superficial layers of skin reflect the combination of these phenomena through a spongy aesthetic, showing the distinctive “orange peel” dimples and, at a later stage, even actual nodules.


In fact, when it comes to cellulite, we can describe 3 stages of development with the progressive appearance of symptoms. The first stage is known as the oedematous stage, and mainly manifests as a problem with imperfections and it is during this initial stage that you have the best chance of benefiting from cosmetic treatments. At the 2nd and 3rd stages, respectively known as the fibrous and sclerotic stages, the problem must be treated with a suitable, specific product. 

So, acting quickly is an excellent strategy for getting great results.

How do you know if you really have cellulite?

The classic orange peel skin appearance can be used as a yardstick for evaluating the presence of and the stage the cellulite has progressed to. In fact, at the beginning, this condition mainly presents with water retention, while the orange peel only appears when you compress the skin or contract your muscles. As the condition progresses, the orange peel skin appearance becomes increasingly evident, the skin looks grainy and stiff, and it feels colder and more painful. The pain is caused by the thickening of the connective tissue that presses harder on the nerves. The lower temperature, on the other hand, is due to problems with micro-circulation, which stop the right amount of blood flow to the area.

The causes of cellulite

Cellulite is caused by genetic, hormonal and behavioural factors. Genetic factors include family history of cellulite, body shape and gender and may be behind the basis for circulatory system dysfunction. The hormonal component, oestrogen especially, influences tissue and adipose metabolism and the way the venous and lymphatic vessels work, leading to water retention.

Behavioural factors include aspects that we can change, as they are linked to a healthy lifestyle. By improving our diet, stopping smoking and regularly working out, we can actually prevent and combat cellulite, thereby limiting the appearance of imperfections such as orange peel skin.

Cellulite and Orange Peel Skin: the best ways to combat it

A healthy balanced diet can help to counteract the accumulation of adipose tissue. Eating sugary foods and packaged products that are filled with salt should certainly be limited, as should alcoholic beverages. On the other hand, including fruit and vegetables into your everyday diet is fundamental, as they are important sources of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants.

Hydration is also necessary to combat the water retention that often accompanies cellulite and causes fluid and toxins to build up and stagnate. It is better to opt for mineral water and to try to drink at least 1.5 litres of water a day, at regular intervals and outside of meal times. Herbal teas and infusions may help you to drink a little more, while also helping to drain excess fluids.

Exercise, even light movement, that is practised regularly is also just as important in combating cellulite. What is the best form of exercise for combating cellulite? The best results are achieved by combing aerobic and anaerobic activity, which together improve muscle tone, micro-circulation and lymphatic drainage. In this way, we can reduce localised fat and improve the tissue asphyxia.

Lastly, you could also make small changes to the way you dress, such as by avoiding overly tight trousers and high heels, which could hinder your circulation and prevent proper venous return.

Cellulite: what products to use to improve the appearance of orange peel skin

The most effective strategy for improving the appearance of orange peel skin and combating cellulite includes combining:

  • a healthy diet;
  • physical activity;
  • constant use of specific products.

BioNike research has developed an effective strategy for both when the problem is limited to imperfections, i.e stage 1 cellulite, and for when you are dealing with advanced stage cellulite.

The slimming DEFENCE BODY REDUXCELL booster has been formulated with the exclusive “AlgaForShape Complex”, which, when used together with the massage applicator, helps to reduce localised adipose tissue, enhancing skin tone and improving the orange peel appearance that is typical of cellulite.

DEFENCE BODY CELLULITE TREATMENT is the draining and slimming cream-gel that is a medical device formulated without iodine sources to treat oedematous fibrosclerotic panniculopathy (stages 2 and 3).

To add synergistic action from the inside out that boosts the results of both these topical treatments, it is a good idea to

combine a dietary supplement such as NUTRACEUTICAL ReduxCELL that boosts the micro-circulation and fluid drainage, helping to combat the imperfections caused by cellulite.